Beginner’s Manual Software Testing Guide
Beginner’s Manual Software Testing Guide
Aug 08, 2021
Web Development
By: Sarck Solution

Beginner’s Manual Software Testing Guide

Beginner’s Manual Software Testing Guide

In this article, we will start with the basic concept of manual testing and also discuss the stages of manual testing for any software product. Talking about Beginner’s Manual Software Testing Guide, Manual testing has different methodologies. (E.g. White Box and Black Box)

Manual Software Testing Process

A manual testing process includes the steps which make sure that the website has been tested step by step.

Steps are likes:

  • Understanding the business requirements of the whole website.
  • Create a test plan which is used for the Testing Process. Generally, A test plan is created by the test manager or the QA manager.
  • After the test plan is created successfully, test scenarios and test cases are created manually by QA.
  • After whenever the website is developed and it comes for the testing, tester executes the test cases and update the status of test cases as Pass or Fail. If an issue/bug is found then that bug is assigned to the developer.
  • After Fixing it by the developer it will recheck by the tester.

What is Manual Testing?

Manual testing means testing of an application manually by a human. A tester or QA performing manual testing for ensuring that a website or an application is working properly by various conditions which are written in test cases. Manual testing is the process of finding the Bug, Defect or issues in the Website. The aim of a software tester or QA is how to break the system. The tester also checks the UI design, functionality, and performance of the website by clicking on various elements.

Stages of Manual Testing

The process of Manual Testing:

Talking about Beginner’s Manual Software Testing Guide, A website or software goes through the various stages of the manual testing process. In this the first stage is to check each and every unit or module of the software or website which is tested by the developers, Other is the individual units are combined together and tested the entire system. At this stage, system testing is performed to make sure that the entire system is behaving as per requirements. After the website or an application passes from the software system testing stage, it is given to the users. The users perform User Acceptance Testing before the website or an application goes on live.

1. Unit Testing

Unit testing is the type of Software Testing Process. It is the smallest testable part of the software. Unit testing is the testing of individual units or components which are tested by the developer. It is done during the development of a software product. Unit Testing is a section of code and verifies its correctness.

Unit Testing Benefits:

  • It reduces the cost of testing. (Because It raised defects in very early phases)
  • It makes the code reusable. It also makes a debugging a lot easier.
  • It also reduces the defects in developed features when changing the existing functionality.

2. Integration Testing

  • Integration testing is performed after the completion of Unit Testing.
  • Integration testing is performed interfaces between different modules or components are combined or integrated.
  • The main purpose of integration testing is to verify Functional & Non-Functional testing (Performance/Reliability/Stability) between the modules that are integrated.
  • Developers or independent testers perform Integration Testing.

Approaches to Integration Testing:

  • Big Bang Approach
  • Top-down Approach
  • Bottom-up Approach
  • Hybrid

3. System Testing

  • System testing is the type of testing to check a complete and fully integrated software product. (It means the whole system is being tested)
  • System testing ensures functional/non-functional testing and end-user requirements.
  • System testing usually performed by an independent tester or QA.
  • It performs end to end testing of the fully integrated software product before goes(launch) to the market.

System Testing Benefits

  • System Testing covers full end to end testing.
  • System software architecture and business requirements are both tested in system testing.
  • System testing is validated and verifying the system architecture and also business requirements also.

4. Acceptance Testing

  • Acceptance Testing or User Acceptance Testing is the testing that is performed by the users before can accept the software product.
  • Acceptance testing is one type of technique which is performed to determine that the system meets its specific requirements or not.
  • It is the final phase of the testing before moving the software product to the Market.

Acceptance Testing Benefits

  • Acceptance testing performed to check that software meets customer requirements or not.
  • It is pure functional testing.
  • It is defined in the early phase of development.

Methods of Software Testing

1. Black Box Testing

Talking about Beginner’s Manual Software Testing Guide, Black box testing means that the tester does not have any knowledge about the internal coding structure of the application or website. The tester interacts with the application and tests the functional and non-functional behavior of the application.

2. White Box Testing

White Box testing means that the tester knows about the internal coding structure of the application. This is used by developers to perform unit testing.

3. Grey Box Testing

Grey Box is the combination of Black Box and White Box testing. It identifies the bugs and defects either due to the structure or improper usage of the application.

What is Regression Testing?

Regression testing is a type of software testing which ensures that previously developed and tested software application working in the same way as it was working before recent code changes done.

During regression testing, test cases are re-executed in order to check whether the earlier functionality of the software is working as projected and the new configuration/code changes have not introduced any new issues/bugs.

So this is the Beginner’s Manual Software Testing Guide, Software testing is equally important as coding is as it makes sure your developed website, mobile app or software is error free and runs smoothly across all devices. Contact reputed Software development company for your software development requirement or you can reach us at to discuss your project requirements.

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